Sole Proprietorship vs LLC

Sole Proprietorship vs LLC

Sole Proprietorship vs LLC

A sole proprietorship is a business owned by an individual not organized as a corporation, LLC, or other entity. We often see people saying that they are the easiest businesses to start and the simplest business structure. The big problem is that the average person suffers five lawsuits in their lifetime. And running a business as a sole proprietorship leaves the owner personally liable.

All legal and financial responsibilities of the business are transferred to the owner. So, even if one is simple to start, it is a very dangerous choice from a liability point of view. So, it is not the best choice to enjoy liability protection and tax benefits.

Sole proprietorship vs corporation or LLC

A properly structured and managed corporation or LLC has built-in liability protection. When a person sues a sole proprietorship, on the other hand, the owner’s personal property risks being seized. In addition, all business income is taxed as the owner’s income. In addition, there are fewer tax benefits or shelters than those offered by an incorporated business.

Friends, In addition, although a “DBA” can use, there is no real legal separation between the owner and the business. No separate legal entity as owner and business is the same. On the other hand, when you form a corporation or LLC, the company is a legal “person” separate from the owners.

Why do people form sole proprietorships?

People typically use sole proprietorship situations where an individual is looking for the easiest way to start a business. As soon as you start doing business, a sole proprietorship exists. In the event that the owner wishes to share ownership (a partnership, for example), another business model should consider. A sole proprietor can engage in any legal activity, subject to licensing and zoning requirements whenever and wherever they choose. Some of the reasons people keep their businesses as sole proprietorships are:

  • A person owns the business
  • A business owner wants minimal paperwork and legal restrictions
  • The owner is not concerned about pending or upcoming lawsuits
  • The owner is not worried about tax deductions offered to corporations.
  • Sole Proprietorship vs LLC

Advantages and disadvantages of a sole proprietorship


As the sole proprietor, any income from the business can be used by the owner in any way he sees fit. However, the business owner also bears the losses of the business. As the sole proprietor, one person makes the business decisions. It means that there is no need for real formalities, annual owner/shareholder meetings to decide on a policy, strategy, etc. The owner makes all of these decisions. There are also modest tax benefits for a sole proprietorship. For example, business losses can deduct from all reported net income. It can help reduce the total tax burden in some cases.

In addition, a sole proprietorship allows for a minimum of paperwork and formalities. There are few legal formalities required to start or operate the business. There are no requirements for formal meetings, meeting minutes or in-depth record keeping, etc. Of course, state and local agencies can require the same licenses that they might require from any business entity.

Summary of the advantages of a sole proprietorship

  • Income is reported on the owner’s tax returns
  • The owner makes business decisions
  • Minimal paperwork
  • Ease of “start-up.”
  • Sole Proprietorship vs LLC


On the other side of the coin is unlimited personal liability for corporate obligations and debts. It, according to experience, is one of the biggest drawbacks of a sole proprietorship. Unlike a corporation, a lawsuit against the business is also a lawsuit against the owner. It could easily put your personal property at risk. A business lawsuit can take your bank accounts, your real estate, and even some types of retirement accounts in some cases.

A sole proprietorship also has a limited duration. The business is dissolved when the owner dies, abandons the business, or goes bankrupt. It’s the same story if the owner focuses on selling the business to another person or a group of people. Often, with sole proprietorships, there are no written arrangements for the transfer of ownership. So it’s just a matter of selling the company’s assets and accounts receivable if any.

It is due to the general precarious stability and duration of a sole proprietorship. In addition, raising capital is another area where a sole proprietorship has enormous difficulties. Investors are generally reluctant to invest in a sole proprietorship due to exposure to liability and a diminished sense of legitimacy.

In addition, most sole proprietorships have to rely on their assets or loans to finance their business. Additionally, a sole proprietorship cannot easily engage partners without going through extensive regulatory processes and filings. The only exception allowed by the IRS is for a spouse. When a sole proprietor’s spouse works for the business, but not as a partner or independent contractor, the sole proprietorship can avoid having to submit a partnership income tax return.

Summary of the disadvantages of a sole proprietorship

  • Unlimited personal liability for company debts and obligations
  • Tax benefits are not as great as with incorporated companies
  • Personal property may be at risk in a business lawsuit
  • The business ends on the death of the owner
  • Raising ‘outside’ capital and gaining investor confidence can be extremely difficult
  • Sole Proprietorship vs LLC

If you intend to grow your business in any way, enjoy sustainable tax advantages, protect your assets from legal and financial liability. Attract potential investors to a professionally organized and managed business, then incorporating your business, that is, starting a company – is the way to go.

Sole Proprietorship Vs LLC: Which Should You Choose?

Sole proprietorship and limited liability companies are the two most common business structures favored by small business owners. But which one is right for you? 

When starting a new business, it’s important to have the right business structure in place. And most small business owners favor starting a sole proprietorship or LLC. But how do you know which one to choose?

Sole Proprietorship vs LLC: What’s the Difference?

A sole proprietorship is an unincorporated business by one person. It’s one of the most common ways to start a business in the United States, probably because it’s also the easiest type to start and run.

Suppose you wish to operate as a sole proprietor; no action is required on your part. Assuming you are the sole owner, you are automatically classified as a sole owner. However, there is no legal distinction between you and the company so that you will lose some liability protections. And since the business is seen as an extension of you, it is not taxed separately.

In comparison, a limited liability company (LLC) is a legal entity formed at the state level. As an LLC, there is a separation between you and the business. This separation means that you have liability protection against any debt or legal action the company takes.

To create an LLC, you will need to register your business with your state’s secretary of state. Each state has different criteria for setting up an LLC, so you will need to see the guidelines in your area.

What is Form 4684: Victims and Theft?

Sole proprietorship: advantages and disadvantages

A sole proprietorship is the fastest way to start a business. There is no state paperwork to fill out or fees to pay, making it a popular option for independent contractors. It can be a good choice to test a service-based business.

As the sole proprietor, you are the sole business owner, and you are not required to hold shareholder meetings. And as a sole proprietor, you will have a much easier time in tax season since you don’t have to file a separate return for the business. You will report any income you earn on your tax returns.

Operating as a sole proprietor will give you a lot of freedom, but there are downsides to be aware of. For example, you will be personally responsible for any liabilities incurred by the business. And if you are sued for damages caused by the business, your personal property will be at risk.

If you are on the fence, it may be helpful to consult with other business owners to determine which path they took when they first started.

LLC: pros and cons

When you create an LLC, you are creating a separate business entity. Because of this, you can be seen as more credible by your clients and peers. And if you ever need to take out a small business loan, it’s easier to do so as an established LLC.

Many people choose to start an LLC because of the liability protections that come with it. You protect from lawsuits, debts, and other business obligations as an LLC. You will need to make sure you set up your LLC correctly and avoid mixing up business and personal assets.

However, one of the downsides of starting an LLC is all the paperwork that goes with it. You will need to complete all the forms required by your state and pay the additional fees that come with it. And most states require you to file annually.

Additionally, you may have a heavier tax burden as an LLC, depending on where you live. You’ll have to pay federal, state, and local taxes regardless of where you live, but some states also require you to pay business and unemployment taxes.

Which business structure is right for you?

Choosing a business structure is an important decision that every entrepreneur must make. And the right choice for you will depend on your goals and the type of business you run.

Operating as a Sole Proprietor is the fastest way to get started if you are looking to get started. There is no paperwork to fill out, and you can focus only on finding clients and generating income. However, you will lose any liability guarantees that LLC members enjoy.

If you are on the fence, it may be helpful to consult with other business owners to determine which path they took when they first started. And it may be beneficial to seek the advice of a lawyer or CPA who has experience working with small businesses.

How to create a sole proprietorship?

To create a sole proprietorship, it suffices to declare the start of activity with the CFE.

Please note that the formalities are not the same depending on whether you opt for the EIRL, for the status of auto-entrepreneur, or both regimes simultaneously. In the same way, do not confuse creating an ” individual company “ (a structure that implies carrying out much more cumbersome formalities).

Why create a sole proprietorship?

The main advantages of the sole proprietorship are:

  • The lightness of the creation formalities: there is only a simple declaration of the start of the activity to be made.
  • Simplified management methods: there is no general meeting to organize, nor an annual report to present. Accounting obligations are reduced.

The good news is that there is no minimum capital for a sole proprietorship – which limits the costs of starting your business.

How to obtain a Kbis for a sole proprietorship?

The K extract is the equivalent of the Kbis extract for a sole proprietorship. To obtain it, all you have to do is declare the start of your activity to the CFE. Cette declaration must be accompanied by several supporting documents (identity card, certificate of residence, affidavit of non-conviction and affiliation, etc.).

What is the difference between auto-entrepreneur and sole proprietorship?

The auto-enterprise and the sole proprietorships are the same legal status. Indeed, the auto-enterprise is an option offered to the individual entrepreneur to allow him to benefit from simplified accounting obligations and an advantageous tax regime.

How to run a sole proprietorship?

The sole proprietorship is a relatively simple and easy to manage structure. Indeed, the entrepreneur is the sole manager of the sole proprietorship: this allows him to take alone all the decisions concerning the day-to-day management of his business.

How to go from a sole proprietorship to micro-enterprise?

Switch from a sole proprietorship to micro-enterprise, and it is advisable to request the Service des ImpĂ´ts des Entreprises (SIE) before December 31 of the current year. Thus, the micro-enterprise regime will apply the following year.

How does a sole proprietorship work?

Within the framework of a sole proprietorship, the entrepreneur carries out his professional activity in his name.

The liability of the individual entrepreneur is unlimited. It means that he does not benefit from any protection for his assets in the event of debts linked to his professional activity (except his main residence). However, he can limit his liability by declaring exemption from seizure.

How to keep the accounts of a sole proprietorship?

As in all companies, it is compulsory to keep accounts within the framework of the sole proprietorship. However, the accounting obligations depend on the tax regime of the sole proprietorship.

How much does an accountant cost for a sole proprietorship?

The cost of an accountant for a sole proprietorship ranges from $ 50 per month for an online accountant to $ 500 per month for a traditional accountant.

How does VAT work for a sole proprietorship?

The sole proprietorship tax regime allows the entrepreneur to benefit, under certain conditions, from a simplified VAT regime called the basic VAT exemption. This regime exempts the entrepreneur from declaring and invoicing VAT on the services and sales he carries out.

How to calculate the profit of a sole proprietorship?

The profit of a sole proprietorship is calculated by the difference between the products it generates and the expenses it generates. When the difference is positive, we speak of profit. When the difference is negative, we speak of loss.

Note that it is often useful to open a bank account as an individual entrepreneur to follow the inflows and outflows of money more easily.

How to declare your sole proprietorship income?

The reporting obligations are not the same depending on the tax regime of the sole proprietorship. Income tax returns are heavier under the real normal regime than under the real simplified regime.

How to calculate the ROI in a sole proprietorship?

As of January 1, 2018, the RSI has been removed. L are individual entrepreneurs are now attached to the general social security scheme. They keep the same rights and services but change the interlocutor for their procedures. The calculation of contributions remains unchanged, so the calculation methods depend on:

  • Of the turnover collected within the framework of the auto-enterprise;
  • Taxable income within the framework of the EIRL.

How do you end your sole proprietorship? How to close a sole proprietorship?

To close a sole proprietorship, you must declare the cessation of activity of the sole proprietorship. To do this, you must complete the Cerfa F4 form and send it to the CFE within 30 days of the end of your activity. It is possible to transmit it online.

How to sell your sole proprietorship?

The sale of the sole proprietorship transfers the ownership of the assets to a buyer. Depending on the activity carried out, the sale takes the form of a transfer of business, craft, or liberal funds.

Before selling your sole proprietorship, you should carry out various audits (accounting, legal, and tax). A negotiation period follows to allow the parties to agree on the price and terms of sale of the sole proprietorship.

Sole Proprietorship vs LLC

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