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What is Form 4684: Victims and Theft

What is Form 4684: Victims and Theft?

What is IRS Form 4684: Victims and Theft?

IRS Form 4684 is an Internal Revenue Service (IRS) form for reporting gains or losses resulting from accidents and thefts that may be deductible for taxpayers, which itemize the deductions. Loss of life can result from fires, floods, and other disasters. In most cases, taxpayers can deduct losses in the tax year they occurred. In the event of theft, the tax year is the year of discovering the loss.

Key points to remember

  • Form 4684 is a United States IRS (Internal Revenue Service) form for reporting gains or losses resulting from loss and theft arising from a federally declared disaster that may be deductible. For taxpayers who itemize deductions.
  • Taxpayers who live in federally declared disaster areas do not need to itemize deductions to file Form 4684.
  • Accidental loss can result from damage, destruction, or loss of your property due to a sudden, unexpected or unusual event such as a flood, hurricane, tornado, fire, earthquake, or volcanic eruption.

Who can file IRS Form 4684: Victims and Theft?

Taxpayers reporting gains or losses from loss or theft must file Form 4684. Homeowners who have received notice of the need to demolish or relocate a structure after a federally declared disaster can use Form 4684 to claim a loss. These people can claim the difference in the house’s value before and after the event. However, the owner must receive a notification from the owner within 120 days of the disaster area declaration.

Losses and thefts of personal property are only deductible if attributed to a disaster declared by the federal government. The IRS allows an exception to this rule for people who have personal gains from losses. In this case, the taxpayer can use the damage and theft losses that are not attributable to a federally declared disaster to offset the gains. Taxpayers who live in federally declared disaster areas do not need to itemize deductions to file Form 4684. Taxpayers cannot use Form 4684 to deduct expenses related to bodily injury.

What is Form 4684
What is IRS Form 4684

Form 4684 is available on the IRS website. In most cases, this form only applies to personal losses and not to losses and thefts related to company property.

Once you have determined that your loss or theft qualifies for a deduction, complete Form 4684 and attach an amended return to yours. For a previous claim, deduct disaster losses reported by the federal government for the previous tax year, complete Section D of Form 4684.

Special Considerations When Filing IRS Form 4684

Form 4684 allows for the deduction of unreimbursed losses from specific events. Deductible loss of loss should generally result from a sudden, unexpected, or unusual incident during a federally declared disaster. Victims include natural disasters such as earthquakes, fires, floods, or storms. Other types of disasters include vandalism, car crashes, and shipwrecks. Provisions are also to assist those suffering from losses due to corrosive drywall and specific caustic pyrrhotite concrete.

Even the loss of deposits in some financial institutions that go bankrupt or insolvent can sometimes be seen as a loss. There are specific circumstances for deducting losses from events such as Ponzi schemes. Section C of Form 4684 contains information for making deductions for these financial losses.

However, damages on their own may not be considered a loss in deductible damages. For example, damage to a house caused by a termite infestation or an invasion of mold and fungus is not considered a loss because such destruction results from an ongoing process and not a sudden event. In addition, a car accident can cause damage, but these losses are not deductible if the taxpayer has deliberately neglected to cause them.

Theft losses can include incidents of embezzlement and theft. These losses are eligible if the theft is a felony in the state where the event occurred and if someone has acted with criminal intent. Fraud can be considered theft in certain circumstances. However, if the losses result from a decline in a company’s stock price due to unlawful misconduct from the company’s officers, damages may not be deductible. However, these losses can result in a capital loss, offsetting a taxpayer’s capital gains or reducing taxable income.

IRS Form 4684 and federal disaster areas

Section D of IRS Form 4684 applies to federally reported claims. Although accident losses are generally only deductible in the tax year those losses occur, special provisions exist for qualifying disaster losses. The losses from disaster areas declared by the federal government have allowances to be deducted in the previous tax year and offer additional tax advantages. The loss must fall within specific geographically declared disaster areas for an event to be eligible.

According to the IRS, for the 2020 tax year, “a qualifying disaster loss is now broadened to include the loss of an individual and the theft of personal-use property attributable to a major disaster that was reported prior to February 26, 2022, by the president. under Section 401 of before ord Act and which occurred on or after December 28, 2019, and December 27, 2020, or before, and continued on or before January 26, 2021. However, this change does not include not losses from a disaster that was only declared due to COVID-19. “

What is IRS Form 4684: Victims and Theft?

Can I deduct disaster losses from my federal income taxes?

Yes. If your home or personal property is damaged, you may be able to deduct part of your losses on your federal income tax return. Federal law allows you to deduct losses based on property damage caused by an unusual event or “accident” such as a natural disaster.

See IRS Publication 2194, Disaster Resource Guide for Individuals and Businesses; IRS Tax Topic 515, Accident Loss, Disaster and Theft (Including Federally Declared Disaster Areas,  For a listing of declared disaster areas and tax relief for those areas, go to

In what tax year should I claim the deduction?

It would help if you deducted your accident loss the year it occurred unless the loss was part of a federally declared disaster. If there is a federal return, you can choose to deduct the loss the year it occurred or on an amended return for the immediately preceding tax year. Individuals and businesses in a federal disaster area will be reimbursed faster by filing a modified return. At a minimum, you will need:

  • Report your loss by completing IRS Form 4684, Accidents and Theft, and Claim the deductible amount on Schedule A, Itemized Deductions.

Are there exceptions to what I can deduct?

Yes. Please note the following:

  • Loss due to an accident does not include normal wear and tear or progressive deterioration over time.
  • If your property is insured but did not file a timely claim for insurance reimbursement, you cannot deduct the loss as an accident.
  • If you file an insurance claim, you must reduce your loss by the amount of reimbursement paid by the insurance company.

How do I find out the amount of the loss?

1. First, determine the property’s adjusted basis before the accident, which is usually what it cost.

2. Then determine the decrease in the fair market value (FMV) of the asset due to the derecognition. FMV is the price at which you can sell your property to a buyer willing to buy it. The difference between what the property was worth before the accident and your FMV after the accident is your “accident loss.”

3. For your personal property, subtract $ 100 and then reduce the total of all your property accident losses for that year by 10 percent of your adjusted gross income.

Some of the accident loss rules for businesses or income-generating property are different from those for property held for personal use. For information on calculating and claiming a disaster loss, see Publication 547Accidents, Disasters, and TheftForm 4684 Accidents and Theft, and Publication 584, Accident, Disasters, and Theft Workbook (Personal Use Property)

How can I get copies of my federal income tax returns?

Most of the time, a transcript of your tax return will be sufficient to satisfy most requests. The transcription is free.

The transcripts – IRS can generate different transcripts depending on what it needs. Order it by calling 800-908-9946 and following the prompts, or go to Get it transcripciĆ³ and in You can send the transcripts to a third party from the IRS, such as a mortgage institution if you allow the disclosure.

Exact Copies – Disaster Victims: The IRS will waive fees and expedite an application for taxpayers in a federally declared disaster area. To obtain an exact copy with attachments (including Form W-2), complete IRS Request 4506  for a copy of the tax return. If you are not in a declared disaster area, the fee is $ 50 for each return, and it can take up to 75 business days for you to receive it. Consider requesting a transcript instead. On jointly filed tax returns, either spouse can request a copy, and only one signature is required. 

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