How to become a teacher

How to become a teacher

Become a school teacher

If you want to pass on your knowledge with patience and pedagogy, why not embark on professional retraining by becoming a school teacher?

Missions of the school teacher

From kindergarten to CM2, the school teacher can instruct and transmit the first knowledge to the children. He can practice in nursery or primary school and works with children from 3 to 11 years old.

The school teacher takes charge of several disciplines.

In kindergarten, he mainly introduces children to letters and numbers through play. In primary school, children from 6 to 11 years old learn French and arithmetic, science, history-geography, artistic education, physics. And sporty, or civic.

The school teacher also teaches them the rules of life in society. Showing a natural, energetic and attentive authority, the school teacher must above all know how to capture the attention of his students.

The school teacher’s schedule

He provides 26 hours per week. He follows a program defined by the Ministry of National Education but has a certain freedom, particularly in grading the pupils. From the start, preparing for lessons and correcting exercises occupied a large part of his schedule.

25% Of those admitted to the school teacher competition in 2015 were salaried or unemployed.

The school teacher takes classes of 20 to 30 children, and, in rural areas, he may have to attend three or more classes. He must therefore demonstrate dynamism, pedagogy, and adaptability.

What training to become a school teacher?

To practice, the future school teacher must obtain a MEEF master’s degree (Teaching, education, and training professions), spread over four semesters. It must also pass at the end of 1 st year of mastering the PERC (competition recruitment of school teachers). Once obtained, the students become civil servant interns. In the second year of the master’s degree, they are in part-time work-study training in a school.

GOOD TO KNOW

The MEEF master is open not only to holders of a license but also:

  • teaching staff or executives of national education (continuing training);
  • to people undergoing professional retraining (obtaining a license via the validation of acquired experience – VAE ).

The successful candidates of recruitment competitions who already hold a master’s degree (or equivalent) also follow this adapted training course in ESPE ( Higher Schools of Teaching and Education ); this work-study training is remunerated.

The six recruitment competitions for school teachers

Obtaining the CRPE (recruitment competition for school teachers) allows one to teach in a nursery school or a public elementary school after validation of the internship year. A school teacher is a civil servant.

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Salary and evolution

The professor started his career in a department of the academy, where he passed his competitive examination. Once established, the salary of a beginning teacher starts at 2,000 euros gross per month.

After several years of experience, it is possible to progress to a post of specialist teacher to take care of children in difficulty or handicapped, to a profile of educational advisor or school psychologist, even of the school principal or inspector of national education first degree.

Do you want to become a teacher in a nursery or elementary school in private education?

How to become a teacher
How to become a teacher

Become a teacher in general youth education, vocational training, and adult education

Several professional and school paths lead to the teaching profession. Job prospects in the field are excellent in Quebec.

It is possible to become a teacher in Quebec if you are currently:

  • in career choice;
  • in the labor market, in the process of professional reorientation;
  • a teacher from another Canadian province;
  • a teacher wishes to immigrate to Quebec.

On this page:

  • Choose a career
  • Reorient your studies or career
  • A teacher from another province

Choose a career

Teaching is an enriching field that allows, in particular, to establish significant bonds with pupils of all ages and to arouse their curiosity.

Approved training in teaching 

The standard path leading to the teaching certificate is the approved 4-year baccalaureate in preschool, elementary, secondary, and vocational training.

Teacher training allows you to do many internships. During the internships, you will develop your skills and gain experience. Internships are a good way to introduce yourself to an educational institution.

Reorient your studies or career

Whether in school or the workforce, your experience can be an important asset to the teaching profession.

Throughout your training, you can combine work and study. Before embarking on a teaching qualification process, be aware that it is possible to be a substitute. No authorization is necessary to be a teaching substitute in a school discipline related to your training. However, to obtain a teaching contract during your studies, you must obtain a provisional teaching license.

The teaching certificate will be issued to you after demonstrating that you have fulfilled the conditions that apply to your profile.

If you have training in a school discipline 

Have you completed your university training in a subject taught in elementary and secondary schools in Quebec? You can become a teacher in Quebec by completing a qualifying master’s degree.

First, you will need to contact the targeted university educational institution to target the qualifying master’s degree that matches your professional aspirations and your university education. In addition, the University can provide you with information on compensatory courses or recognized credits, if applicable.

List of school subjects

If you have relevant training and experience related to the preschool education service

Do you have a diploma in the field of early childhood or preschool education service? Do you work in your field? You can reorient yourself towards primary and preschool education if you have relevant training and experience related to the preschool education service.  

You will first need to contact the University of your choice. The University will be able to give you details of the preschool and primary education training programs available. It will provide you with information on compensatory courses or on the credits granted according to your studies and professional experience, if applicable.

Throughout your training, you can combine work and study. Before embarking on a teaching qualification process, be aware that it is possible to be a substitute. No authorization is necessary to be a teaching substitute in a school discipline related to your training. However, to obtain a teaching contract during your studies, you must obtain a provisional teaching license. 

This provisional teaching license may be issued to you, in particular, if:

  • you have obtained nine credits in a recognized preschool and primary education training program;
  • Friends, you have accumulated 3000 hours of experience as an educator or as a preschool teacher;
  • You have a promise of employment from an employer certifying that he intends to give you a job as a preschool teacher in the current school year.

To apply for a provisional authorization to provide the preschool education service, you must complete the teaching authorization application form.

If you have professional training

Do you have a vocational studies diploma? Do you work in your field? You can reorient yourself towards vocational training education. 

To become a teacher in vocational training, you must meet the following two other conditions:

  • have 3,000 hours of practical or teaching experience directly related to the profession to be taught.
  • Complete a bachelor’s degree in vocational education, which can achieve by balancing work and study.

Some university programs recognize your education and work experience. Thus, university course credits may be granted to you.

You will first need to contact the desired educational institution to target the bachelor’s degree in vocational education that is right for you. In addition, the University will be able to confirm the number of credits granted according to your studies and your professional experience.

Throughout your training, you can combine work and study. Before embarking on a teaching qualification process, be aware that it is possible to be a substitute. No authorization is necessary to be a teaching substitute in a school discipline related to your training. However, to obtain a teaching contract during your studies, you must obtain a provisional teaching license. 

At the end of your training, the teaching certificate will be issued to you.

In addition, you can also reorient yourself in vocational training education if you have:

  • a diploma of technical college studies (DEC);
  • a university certificate of at least 30 credits;
  • a university degree linked to a vocational training program.

A teacher from another province

If you have training in teaching or another field in a Canadian province or a Canadian territory, you can teach in Quebec!

If you have training in teaching

It is easy to become a teacher in Quebec if you hold a teaching license issued by a Canadian province. Thanks to the Canadian Free Trade Agreement, you obtain authorization to teach in Quebec.

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How to become a teacher

You must first complete an application for teaching authorization and submit all the documents indicated on the form. You will be issued a teaching certificate if you have a teaching license issued unconditionally in another Canadian province or territory.

If you have a teaching license issued with conditions in another Canadian province or territory, you will be issued a probationary teaching license with identical conditions. A teaching certificate will be issued to you after you have demonstrated that you have met these conditions.

If you have training in a school discipline 

It is possible to reorient your teaching career, whether in school or the job market. If you have completed your university training in a subject taught in elementary and secondary schools in Quebec, you can become a teacher in Quebec by completing a qualifying master’s degree.

First, you will need to contact the desired university educational institution to target the qualifying master’s degree that matches your professional aspirations and your university education. In addition, the University can tell you about compensatory courses or what credits you have, if any.

Throughout your training, you can combine work and study. Before embarking on a teaching qualification process, be aware that it is possible to be a substitute. No authorization is necessary to be a teaching substitute in a school discipline related to your training. However, to obtain a teaching contract during your studies, you must obtain a provisional teaching license. 

At the end of your master’s degree, you will be awarded a teaching certificate.

How to become a teacher?

The teaching profession is one of the very first professions in the world. And one of the most beautiful, they said. It is certainly one of the most versatile jobs: the Teacher must establish good contact with the students, be a diplomat with the parents, he must be able to resolve conflicts, organize school trips, demonstrate patience, to instill a desire to learn, to create a safe space and a climate of confidence in the classroom. These requirements are constantly evolving, at the same time as our society is transformed.

If the shortage of teachers is real in the Wallonia-Brussels Federation (for various reasons), the teaching profession remains an essential profession. School is shaped by society, and it also shapes our civilization and our way of life. Education trains and educates the adults of tomorrow and, therefore, our future.

In this article, we’ll give you some tips on “How to become a teacher,” if that’s your ambition. With the new reforms of recent years, access to this profession is highly regulated. It is, therefore, better to be sure to take the right path to get there!

The first two questions to ask yourself before you start are:

Who do you want to teach? What category of people do you want to teach (mostly children, adolescents, adults)?

What do you want to teach? And What is your favorite subject?

Teach in kindergarten

To teach in kindergarten, you have to be a preschool teacher. The preschool teacher takes care of children from two and a half to six years old. To teach children of this age and support them in their development and learning, you will need to go to Haute Ecole to do a professional bachelor’s degree in “preschool teacher.” These studies are done in 3 years and full exercise (see the training sheet: Preschool teacher, you can ask to receive the list of schools organizing the training).

To learn more about this profession and the training that leads to it, do not hesitate to read the description sheet Preschool teacher on the site métiers.step.be.

Teaching in primary school

The primary Teacher teaches children aged 6 to 12. Suppose this age group interests you, and you want to teach the basics of the various fundamental subjects (French, mathematics, geography, history, etc.) to children. In that case, you will need to do a professional bachelor’s degree in “Primary school teacher” In Haute Ecole. These studies last three years and are carried out in full exercise. This training also exists at adapted times.

Teach in high school

How to become a teacher
How to become a teacher

Teaching in the lower level (general courses)

To teach in 1 st, 2nd, and 3rd secondary must have a specific title: the Teacher Training Course (aggregation of lower secondary education). This title is obtained by completing a professional bachelor’s degree, which lasts three years. You will have to decide if you want to be a teacher of mathematics, French/ethics/citizenship, French/religion, Germanic languages, sciences, plastic arts. During these three years of studies, you will be taught to teach a particular subject.

Teaching at the higher level (general courses)

To teach in 4th, 5th and 6th secondary, you must have the AESS (Aggregation of upper secondary education). You must have completed higher education (at university, Haute Ecole or Ecole Superieur des Arts), regardless of the field. You must have completed a master’s degree for teaching purposes or hold a master’s degree followed by an aggregation (which can be obtained in 1 year in staggered hours). Depending on the master’s degree we have (master’s in communication, master’s in psychology, master’s in physics, etc.), we can teach a particular subject in secondary school.

Technical or vocational education

Suppose you have a qualification certificate or professional experience to pass to secondary school students (in the technology sector). In that case, you must hold the CAP (Certificate of Pedagogical Aptitudes). The CAP can obtain through a jury or social promotion. To access it, you must:

  • Or a certificate, diploma, patent issued by the French Community or deemed equivalent, which demonstrates that you have studied in a section of technical, professional, or artistic secondary education of the third level issued by full-time education or promotion social allowing you to access a recruitment function in education;
  • Either a higher education qualification (bachelor or master but only if the aggregation does not exist for this specific master) which allows you to access a recruitment function in education;
  • Or a certificate of 9 years of useful experience in a trade related to the discipline (s) to be taught;
  • Or a certificate of occupation of a paid teaching position in education organized or subsidized by the Wallonia-Brussels Federation.
  • Note that the CAP cannot take if the aggregation exists; you did your master in the field.

For more information on the jury, you can consult this page: Certificate of Pedagogical Aptitudes issued by the jury of the FWB .)

The SIEP training site also explains what the CAP – Certificate of Pedagogical Aptitudes consists of.

To find out about the daily life of a secondary school teacher, you can visit the corresponding sheet “Teacher in the secondary, “as well as the training sheets “Teacher in the secondary. “

Teach in higher education

To be a professor at the university, in Haute Ecole, or Social Promotion (higher level), it is necessary to have the CAPES (Certificate of Pedagogical Aptitude Appropriate to the Suéprieur education).

Be careful, though! The training to obtain the CAPES is only accessible to people who already teach in an Haute Ecole or a higher education institute for social advancement. Once you are in place, you must do this training within six years of hiring you.

Required and sufficient titles

In education, there are different titles to teach: the required title (that is to say, having the right diploma for the right job – according to the information developed above), the good title (when not there is no required title available, other diplomas can allow teaching in certain functions) and the title of shortage (if we do not find a required title or sufficient title, we can take a person who has another diploma ).

People with a required credential are given priority over sufficient and shortage credentials when applying to a school, and people with sufficient credentials themselves have priority over shortage credentials. Attention, to be appointed (therefore to be permanently engaged in a teaching function, which does not always happen immediately), the Teacher must have a required title or a good title (the required title is always preferred).

How to become a teacher

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